New Research from UM

Just published in Health Communication--"Message Quality and Standing to Support: A Qualitative Study of Support Messages Given to African-American HIV Survivors," by Dale Hample (associate professor) and Ling Na (Ph.D., 2013).

Abstract: We interviewed 25 African American HIV survivors who were as much as 25 years distant from their original diagnoses. We asked them to tell us about both supportive and non-supportive messages they received upon learning of their HIV status. Their interviews showed evidence of the importance of what we call standing to support. This idea is that particular roles (e.g., medical or family) imply a duty to offer constructive support. Anyone without such a standing is essentially irrelevant to the provision of support. Successful performance of a standing requires ability (to give information, to be empathetic, etc.) but the performance must be activated by the person who needs support. We found contrasts in the quality of messages originating in each of the standings we studied: medical, family, friends, relational partners, churches, and community centers. Dual consideration of supportive and non-supportive messages is productive in understanding the different standings to support.

Just published in Public Relations Review--"The Death of bin Laden: How Russian and U.S. Media Frame Counterterrorism," by Leysan Khakimova Storie (Ph.D., 2013), Stephanie Madden (Ph.D. student), and Brooke Fisher Liu (associate professor).

This study explored how Russian and U.S. newspapers covered the death of Osama bin Laden in 2011 through the lens of framing theory. Results reflect significant disparity in how media in different countries covered the same event, suggesting that terrorism events were framed as national concerns rather than global issues, thus potentially limiting governments and the media from building a shared understanding with international audiences. The findings also indicate that more robust media relations efforts are needed to counter simplistic media counterterrorism frames. Finally, the study identified new frames for counterterrorism including secrecy and humanizing terrorists. These new frames suggest the need to expand the framing literature to provide a better understanding of how the media cover counterterrorism, which may impact the U.S. government's public diplomacy and counterterrorism efforts.

Just published in Presidential Studies Quarterly--"Presidentialism, Political Fiction, and the Complex Presidencies of Fox's 24," by Trevor Parry-Giles (professor).

Abstract: This article explores how the Fox television network program 24 offers a compelling yet oddly ambivalent vision of the U.S. presidency. Specifically, I examine 24's articulation of presidentialism in depictions of the nation's chief executive and reveal how those depictions are actually quite complex and layered. Ultimately, I suggest that as 24 continues to circulate as a meaningful popular culture text, it may also continue to influence how Americans see the presidency, offering its audiences a sense of the presidency that is conflicted and complicated, yet strangely reassuring in its vision of presidentialism and presidential authority.

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